downloading web videos using Python

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    2024-01-25T21:33:32+00:00

    To download videos from a webpage using Python, there are several methods you can use. The most common approach involves using third-party libraries such as youtube-dl, pytube, or using requests in combination with BeautifulSoup for general web scraping. Below are examples of these methods:

    1. Using youtube-dl:

    youtube-dl is a command-line program to download videos from YouTube and other video hosting sites.

    import youtube_dl
    
    ydl_opts = {}
    with youtube_dl.YoutubeDL(ydl_opts) as ydl:
        ydl.download(['http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BaW_jenozKc'])
    

    2. Using pytube for YouTube Videos:

    pytube is a lightweight, Pythonic library for downloading YouTube Videos.

    from pytube import YouTube
    
    yt = YouTube('http://youtube.com/watch?v=9bZkp7q19f0')
    yt.streams.first().download()
    

    3. General Web Scraping with requests and BeautifulSoup:

    For non-YouTube websites, you can scrape the webpage to find the video URL and then download it. This method requires more work and is highly dependent on the structure of the web page.

    import requests
    from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
    
    # URL of the web page where the video is
    url = 'https://example.com'
    
    # Send a GET request
    response = requests.get(url)
    
    # Parse the HTML content of the page
    soup = BeautifulSoup(response.text, 'html.parser')
    
    # Find the video URL (this highly depends on the webpage structure)
    video_url = soup.find('video')['src']
    
    # Download the video
    r = requests.get(video_url, stream=True)
    with open('video.mp4', 'wb') as f:
        for chunk in r.iter_content(chunk_size=1024):
            if chunk:
                f.write(chunk)
    

    Remember, the last method needs to be tailored to the specific structure of the web page you are working with. Additionally, it's crucial to respect the terms of service and copyright laws of the websites you are scraping.

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