Function and usage of disabled() in wordpress


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    The disabled() function in WordPress is used to output the HTML disabled attribute. This function is particularly useful when you want to make certain form elements like input, button, or select elements disabled under specific conditions. Here's a detailed breakdown of the function and its usage:

    Function Definition:

    disabled( mixed $disabled, mixed $current = true, bool $display = true ): string

    Function Purpose:

    • Outputs the HTML disabled attribute.
    • It is primarily used to add the disabled attribute to HTML form elements based on certain conditions.


    • The disabled() function compares the first two arguments, and if they are identical, it outputs or returns the disabled HTML attribute.
    • This function is useful for dynamically setting the disabled state of form elements in a WordPress theme or plugin.


    1. $disabled (mixed, required):

      • This is one of the values to be compared.
      • It can be any value or type (e.g., string, integer, boolean).
    2. $current (mixed, optional):

      • This is the other value to compare against $disabled.
      • If not provided, its default value is true.
      • This allows a simple toggle by just providing the $disabled parameter.
    3. $display (bool, optional):

      • Determines whether to echo the disabled attribute directly or just return it as a string.
      • Default value is true, meaning it will echo the attribute by default.
      • If set to false, the function returns the disabled attribute as a string, which can be used in PHP code.


    • string:
      • Returns the HTML disabled attribute (disabled="disabled") if the first two arguments are identical.
      • Returns an empty string if the arguments are not identical.

    Sample Usage:

    Example 1: Directly Echoing the Disabled Attribute

    $some_condition = true;
    disabled( $some_condition, true ); // Echoes 'disabled="disabled"' if $some_condition is true.

    Example 2: Returning the Disabled Attribute as a String

    $is_disabled = false;
    $attribute = disabled( $is_disabled, false, false ); 
    // Returns 'disabled="disabled"' as a string if $is_disabled is false, and an empty string otherwise.

    Practical Scenario:

    • Suppose you have a form with a submit button that should be disabled unless a certain condition (like a checkbox being checked) is met. You can use the disabled() function to dynamically set the state of the submit button based on the checkbox state.


    • The disabled() function is a handy tool in WordPress for handling the state of form elements dynamically, improving the user interface and experience. Its ability to either echo or return the attribute makes it flexible for different coding scenarios.

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