Function and usage of extract_from_markers() in wordpress


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    The extract_from_markers() function in WordPress is used to extract specific strings from within a file, typically the .htaccess file. This function is particularly useful for reading and modifying the contents of the .htaccess file, which is often used for URL rewriting and other server configurations in WordPress websites.


    extract_from_markers( string $filename, string $marker ): string[]


    1. $filename (string, required): This is the name of the file from which the strings are to be extracted. In most cases, this would be the .htaccess file located in the root directory of a WordPress installation.

    2. $marker (string, required): The specific marker between which the strings will be extracted. These markers are usually defined by comments within the file and are used to segment different configurations or settings. The format typically looks like # BEGIN MarkerName and # END MarkerName.

    Return Value:

    • string[]: The function returns an array of strings. Each string in the array represents a line of text that was found between the BEGIN and END markers specified in the $marker parameter.

    Sample Usage:

    Let's assume you have a .htaccess file with specific custom settings demarcated by markers. Here's an example of how you might use extract_from_markers():

    // Define the file name and marker
    $filename = '.htaccess';
    $marker = 'CustomSettings';
    // Extract strings between BEGIN and END markers
    $extracted_strings = extract_from_markers($filename, $marker);
    // Output or process the extracted strings
    foreach ($extracted_strings as $line) {
        echo $line . "\n";

    In this example, the function is being used to extract all lines from the .htaccess file that are between # BEGIN CustomSettings and # END CustomSettings. The result is an array of strings, each representing a line of configuration or directive from that specific section of the file. This can be useful for reading, displaying, or modifying specific parts of the .htaccess file without affecting other configurations.

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