Function and usage of get_user_to_edit() in wordpress


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    The get_user_to_edit() function in WordPress is used to retrieve detailed user data from the database and apply filters to it. This function is particularly useful when you need to edit or display a user's information in an administrative context. Here's a detailed explanation of its functionality and usage:

    Function Signature:

    get_user_to_edit( int $user_id ): WP_User|false


    • $user_id (int, required): This is the unique identifier for the user. You need to provide the ID of the user you want to retrieve data for.

    Return Value:

    • WP_User | false: The function returns a WP_User object if the user data is successfully retrieved. This object contains all the user's data, including their login name, display name, email, and any other meta information associated with their profile. If the user data cannot be found or the retrieval fails for any reason, the function returns false.

    Usage Example:

    Here's a sample usage scenario for get_user_to_edit():

    // Assume you have a user ID
    $user_id = 123;
    // Retrieve the user data
    $user_to_edit = get_user_to_edit($user_id);
    // Check if the user data was successfully retrieved
    if ( $user_to_edit ) {
        // Successfully retrieved the user data
        // Now, you can access the user's details
        echo 'Username: ' . $user_to_edit->user_login . '<br/>';
        echo 'Email: ' . $user_to_edit->user_email . '<br/>';
        // ... and so on for other user details
    } else {
        // Failed to retrieve user data
        echo 'User data could not be retrieved.';

    Practical Use-Cases:

    • Admin Panels: Frequently used in custom admin panels or settings pages where you need to display or edit user information.
    • User Profile Editing: Handy for creating custom user profile editing screens.
    • Data Validation: Before updating user data, this function can be used to fetch current information for comparison or validation.

    Important Notes:

    • Permission Checks: Ensure that your code includes appropriate permission checks before retrieving or editing user data to maintain security.
    • Filters: This function applies WordPress filters to the data, so the returned user information may be different from the raw data in the database, especially if plugins or themes have added custom filters.

    Remember, while this function is powerful for administrative purposes, it should be used with caution and in the context of properly secured admin-level code.

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