Function and usage of move_dir() in wordpress


Answers ( 1 )


    The move_dir() function in WordPress is used for moving a directory from one location to another within the file system. Here's a detailed explanation of its functionality and parameters:


    • Name: move_dir()
    • Purpose: Moves a directory from a specified source location to a specified destination location within the WordPress file system.


    • The move_dir() function primarily aims to relocate a directory, including all of its contents, from the 'from' path to the 'to' path.
    • Upon successful execution, it recursively invalidates the OPcache, which is a caching engine that improves PHP performance by storing precompiled script bytecode.
    • In case the renaming (movement) of the directory fails, the function falls back to using copy_dir(). The copy_dir() function is another WordPress function used for copying directories, which suggests that if direct movement fails, the function attempts to copy the directory to the new location and then delete the original.
    • It's important to note that the function assumes that WP_Filesystem() has already been called and set up. WP_Filesystem() is a WordPress function that abstracts the file system operations, allowing plugin and theme developers to interact with the file system in a way that is compatible across different hosting environments.
    • move_dir() is not designed for merging the contents of directories. If there's a need to merge directories, copy_dir() should be used instead.


    • $from (string, required): The source directory path. It specifies the directory you want to move.
    • $to (string, required): The destination directory path. This is where the source directory will be moved to.
    • $overwrite (bool, optional): Determines whether to overwrite the destination directory if it already exists. The default value is false, meaning it will not overwrite the destination if it exists.


    • Type: true|WP_Error
    • Description: The function returns true on successful execution, indicating that the directory has been moved successfully. If the function fails for any reason (such as permission issues, non-existent source directory, etc.), it returns a WP_Error object containing the error details.

    Sample Usage:

    Here's a basic example of how move_dir() might be used in a WordPress plugin or theme:

    // Assuming WP_Filesystem() has already been set up
    $source_dir = '/path/to/source/directory';
    $destination_dir = '/path/to/destination/directory';
    $result = move_dir($source_dir, $destination_dir, true);
    if (is_wp_error($result)) {
        // Handle the error
        echo 'Error occurred: ' . $result->get_error_message();
    } else {
        echo 'Directory moved successfully!';

    In this example, the move_dir() function attempts to move a directory from $source_dir to $destination_dir, with the $overwrite parameter set to true to allow overwriting the destination if it exists. The result is then checked to handle any potential errors.

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