What language is PHP?


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    PHP is a popular general-purpose scripting language that is especially suited to web development. It was created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1993 and has since evolved significantly. PHP stands for "PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor", a recursive acronym.

    Key Characteristics of PHP:

    1. Server-Side Scripting Language: PHP is primarily used for server-side scripting. This means that PHP scripts run on a web server, not on the user's computer. The output from PHP scripts is typically HTML, which is sent to the client's browser.
    2. Easy to Embed in HTML: PHP can be embedded directly into HTML code. This makes it easy to add functionality to web pages without needing to call external files for data.
    3. Cross-Platform: PHP runs on various platforms such as Windows, Linux, and MacOS, and it supports most web servers like Apache and Nginx.
    4. Database Interaction: PHP has strong support for interacting with databases, the most common being MySQL, allowing for dynamic web content.
    5. Open Source: PHP is open-source, which means it's free to use and distribute, and it has a large community of developers contributing to its maintenance and development.

    Here's a simple example of PHP code:

    echo "Hello, World!";

    In this example, when the PHP code is processed on the server, it outputs the string "Hello, World!" to the web page.

    PHP is widely used in web development and forms the backbone of many content management systems (CMS) like WordPress and Drupal. It is known for its ease of use for beginners, yet it offers advanced features for professional developers.

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